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O03 - NSCLC - Targeted Therapies I (ID 113)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
O03.06 - First-In-Human Evaluation of CO-1686, an Irreversible, Highly, Selective Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor of Mutations of EGFR (Activating and T790M) (ID 1354)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): P. Fidias
Efficacy of existing EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in NSCLC is limited by emergence of the T790M mutation in approximately 60% of patients, and significant skin rash and diarrhea, caused by wild-type (WT)-EGFR inhibition. CO-1686 is an oral, covalent TKI that targets common activating EGFR mutations and T790M, while sparing WT-EGFR. Animal models suggest greatest efficacy when plasma concentrations exceed 200ng/ml for >16hrs/day.
This is an ongoing first-in-human dose finding study (3+3) of oral CO-1686 administered continuously in 21-day cycles. To be eligible, patients must have EGFR-mutant NSCLC and prior therapy with an EGFR TKI. All patients must undergo tumor tissue biopsy within 28 days before study drug dosing for central EGFR genotyping. Endpoints include safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and efficacy.
As of 12 June 2013, 45 patients have been treated with CO-1686. 31/42 (74%) were T790M+; data for three patients is pending. The median age is 58 years, 82% are female, 75% are white, and 73% ECOG 1. The median number of previous therapies was 4 (range: 1- 6), with a median of 1 (range: 1- 4) previous EGFR TKI therapies. Dosing started at 150mg QD and escalated to 900mg QD, 900mg BID and 400mg TID, with a maximum tolerated dose not yet reached. Treatment-related AEs (all grades) occurring in > 5% patients were: fatigue (19%), diarrhea (15%), nausea (14%), anemia (10%), arthralgia (7%), muscle spasms (10%), myalgia (7%), headache (7%). The majority of events were mild or moderate. Unlike other EGFR inhibitors, rash and diarrhea were not commonly seen. This AE profile is consistent with the expected lack of wild type EGFR inhibition with CO-1686. The PFS for T790M+ patients with CO-1686 plasma concentrations > 200ng/mL for > 16 hours was 194 days compared with 72.5 days for those that achieved these concentrations for < 16 hours (Figure 1). At the highest evaluated dose, 900mg BID, four T790M+ patients were evaluable for response; 3 of the 4 achieved PRs, one achieved SD. One patient at a lower dose cohort also achieved a PR. Further safety and efficacy data will be presented at the meeting. Figure 1
CO-1686 has demonstrated good tolerability and efficacy against proven T790M+ EGFR mutant NSCLC with a strong suggestion of a dose-response relationship. Additional evaluation of the optimal dose and formulation of CO-1686 are underway to further explore its potential for improved activity and better tolerability over other existing EGFR TKIs.
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