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O03 - NSCLC - Targeted Therapies I (ID 113)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
O03.02 - Randomized Phase-3 trial (INSPIRE) of Necitumumab plus Cisplatin-Pemetrexed versus Cisplatin-Pemetrexed Alone as First-Line Therapy in Stage IV Non-Squamous NSCLC (ID 2337)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): G. Losonczy
Necitumumab is a human IgG1 anti-EGFR1 monoclonal antibody that competes for the binding of natural ligands to this receptor and prevents receptor activation. EGFR1 is detectable in approximately 85% of advanced NSCLC tumors. This phase 3 study investigated necitumumab in combination with first-line chemotherapy in advanced non-squamous NSCLC.
Patients with histologically or cytologically proven stage IV non-squamous NSCLC were randomized 1:1 to either Arm A: cisplatin 75mg/m i.v.-pemetrexed 500mg/m i.v. (Cis + PEM) on Day 1+ necitumumab 800mg i.v. on Days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle or Arm B: Cis+PEM alone. Patients received these regimens for up to six cycles. For patients in Arm A with at least stable disease, necitumumab continued until PD or intolerable toxicity. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), safety, and EGFR protein expression level by immunohistochemistry (H-score) utilizing archived tumor tissue based on a mandatory tissue collection. The planned sample size of this study was 947 patients (assuming a hazard ratio [HR] of 0.8 would allow 85% power at 2-sided alpha level of 0.05). After 633 patients, enrollment was stopped (after Feb 2011) following an Independent Data Monitoring Committee (IDMC) recommendation.
Between Nov 2009 and Feb 2011 633 patients were randomized (315 Arm A; 318 Arm B). Baseline characteristics were balanced between the arms; 67.0% were male and 33.0% female; ECOG-PS 0/1 94.2 % and PS 2 5.7 %. No difference between treatment arms was observed for OS (median 11.3 vs 11.5 months; HR 1.01 95%-CI [0.84, 1.21]), PFS (median 5.6 vs 5.6 months, HR 0.96 95%-CI [0.80, 1.16]) and ORR (31.1 vs 32.1%; Odds ratio 0.96 95%-CI [0.68, 1.34]). The exploratory analysis in 490 patients assessable for H-score revealed no association between H-score and differences in efficacy between treatment arms (H-score < 200: mOS 8.97 vs 9.72 months, HR 1.07, mPFS 4.90 vs 4.76 months, HR 0.95, ORR 27.1 vs 26.0%; H-score ≥ 200: mOS 15.01 vs 13.34 months, HR 1.03, mPFS 5.59 vs 5.62 months, HR 0.94, ORR 39.6 vs 39.4%). Grade ≥ 3 treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) occurring more frequently in Arm A included skin or subcutaneous disorders (14.1 vs 0.3%), thromboembolic events (9.5 vs 6.4%), hypomagnesaemia (7.6 vs 2.2%), asthenia (6.9 vs 1.9%), vomiting (6.6 vs 3.2%), dyspnea (5.3 vs 2.6%) and diarrhea (4.3 vs 2.2%). The frequency of study drug related deaths was 4.9% and 2.9% in Arms A and B, respectively.
In this study, the addition of necitumumab did not improve the efficacy outcome over cisplatin plus pemetrexed alone in advanced non-squamous-NSCLC. The EGFR H-score did not seem to predict the efficacy outcomes of necitumumab in combination with cisplatin plus pemetrexed. The addition of necitumumab resulted in a higher frequency of grade ≥ 3 AE (skin reaction, GI, asthenia and other) and an imbalance of grade ≥ 3 thromboembolic events. Further biomarker studies are ongoing.
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