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MO03 - Thymic Malignancies (ID 123)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:F. Detterbeck, M. Okumura
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Bayside Gallery B, Level 1
MO03.07 - Clinical activity of sunitinib in patients with thymic carcinoma (ID 3114)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): P.J. Loehrer
There are no standard treatments for patients with advanced thymic epithelial tumors (TET) in whom chemotherapy has failed. A subset of TETs over-express and harbor activating mutations of KIT. Moreover, expression of angiogenic markers correlate with invasiveness of TETs. This two-center phase II study was conducted to evaluate efficacy of sunitinib, a multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor that blocks angiogenic and other growth factors in TETs.
Patients with TET who had progressive disease following at least one platinum-based chemotherapy were enrolled. Sunitinib was administered orally at 50 mg once daily in 6 week cycles for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks off until disease progression. Tumor response was assessed by computed tomography scans every 6 weeks. KIT mutations were assessed in archival tissue. Primary end-point was objective response rate in parallel cohorts (thymoma, thymic carcinoma).
Between May 2012 and June 2013, 22 patients with thymic carcinoma [median age 58 (40-81); males 59%] and 16 with thymoma [median age 54 (31-74); males 44%] enrolled. Median of 4 (range, 1-7) and 3 (range, 1-8) cycles were administered in patients with thymic carcinoma and thymoma respectively. Among 19 evaluable patients with thymic carcinoma, there were three partial responses (16%) and 10 minor responses (50%) (Figure). Thirteen patients had stable disease (68%) and three progressive disease (16%). After median follow up of 7.8 months, the median progression-free survival was 6.2 months and 6-month survival probability 85%. In contrast, only one out of 16 patients with thymoma had a partial response (6%). Twelve patients had stable disease (75%) and three progressive disease (19%). After median follow up of 6.4 months, median progression-free survival was 5.5 months and 6-month survival probability 90.9%. Grade 3 or 4 sunitinib-related adverse events which occurred in >10% of patients included neutropenia (18%), thrombocytopenia (23%), leucopenia (18%), lymphopenia (45%), fatigue (36%), mucositis (32%) and hypertension (18%). Three patients (14%) has symptomatic decline in left ventricular ejection fraction which improved with medical management and discontinuation of sunitinib. KIT mutations were absent in tumors of 20 patients who underwent mutational analysis.Figure 1
In this phase II trial, sunitinib demonstrated anti-tumor activity unprecedented for a targeted agent in previously treated patients with thymic carcinoma. Activity was modest in thymoma. These results are intriguing as response rates of thymic carcinomas are usually lower than that for thymomas. KIT mutations did not predict responses. Ongoing exploratory analyses are evaluating biologic determinants of activity and mechanisms of resistance.
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