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Y. Yamada

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    MO03 - Thymic Malignancies (ID 123)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Medical Oncology
    • Presentations: 1
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      MO03.02 - Surgical Outcome of Patients with Stage III Thymoma in the Japanese Nationwide Database (ID 2842)

      10:30 - 12:00  |  Author(s): Y. Yamada

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
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      Stage III thymoma has a variety characteristics in terms of involved organs, complex surgery and multimodal strategy, and a careful consideration is required in choices of treatments. Recently the Japanese Association for Research on the Thymus (JART) conducted a nationwide large cohort analysis for thymic epithelial tumors. The aim of this study is to clarify clinical characteristics and therapeutic outcome of patients who underwent surgical resection for stage III thymoma using this database.

      Clinical data of 3,033 thymic epithelial tumor patients of 1991 to 2010 were collected rom 32 Japanese institutes. Medical information registered included patients’ characteristics, types of surgery, pathological diagnosis, perioperative therapy, and clinical outcomes were registered. In this study, stage III thymoma patients who underwent surgery were extracted from the database, and retrospectively analyzed for clinical characteristics and surgical outcome.

      A total of 340 records of patients were analyzed in this study, which comprised 186 males (54.7%) and 153 females (45.0%), 83 (24.4%) with myasthenia gravis, 42 (12.4%) with induction chemotherapy, 18 (5.3%) with preoperative radiotherapy, and 29 (8.5%) with adjuvant chemotherapies. WHO histologic types comprised 16 A (4.7%), 40 AB (11.8%), 47 B1 (13.8%), 118 B2 (34.7%) and 97 B3 (28.5%). Involved organs were lung in 209 (61.4%), pericardium in 167 (49.1%), chest wall in 7 (2.1%), phrenic nerve in 88 (25.9%) and great vessels in 134 (39.4%). Completeness of resection was R0 in 268 (78.8%), R1 in 35 (10.3%) and R2 in 20 (5.9%). Complications were observed in 85 (25.0%) including arterial fibrillation, phrenic nerve palsy, bleeding and crisis of myasthenia gravis, and 30-day mortality rate was 1.8% (6 cases). Tumor recurrence was experienced in 96 (28.2%), and 39 (11.5%) died during the observation. Overall and disease-free 10-year survival rates were 81.0% and 56.7%, respectively. Involved organs except for chest wall, completeness of resection or myasthenia gravis did not affect the survivals. Number of involved organs (1 vs. >2) and tumor length (<7cm vs. >7cm) affected disease-free survival but not overall survival. Among factors suggested to affect overall survival by univariate analyses such as male, surgical complication, WHO histologic type B1-3, chest wall invasion, induction treatments, and recurrence, independent adverse predictors were revealed by a multivariate analysis to be male (p=0.031, HR=2.47), induction chemotherapy (p=0.034, HR=2.39), postoperative complication (p=0.018, HR=2.41) and recurrence of disease (p=0.041, HR=2.15). Of 96 patients with recurrence, 47 patients who underwent salvage resection showed better prognosis than 49 patients who did not (p=0.009).

      This nationwide registry study exhibited favorable surgical outcome in Japanese patients with stage III thymoma. Effectiveness of multimodal treatments need to be further investigated in prospective controlled trials.

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