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MO02 - General Thoracic and Minimally Invasive Surgery (ID 99)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Surgery
- Presentations: 1
MO02.01 - Is Lower Zone Lymph Node Dissection always Mandatory in Patients with Lower Lobe Lung Cancer? (ID 1851)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): H. Ueno
The recent UICC-IASLC classification defines lower zone lymph node metastasis, i.e., paraesophageal and pulmonary ligament lymph nodes metastasis, as p-N2 disease. Due to the relatively rare incidence of lower zone nodal involvement, however, controversies still surround regarding the clinical characteristics and the possible pathway for lower zone lymph node in patients with lower lobe lung cancer.
From 2009 to 2013, 257 consecutive patients underwent lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection for lower lobe lung cancer. For all patients, thin-section CT scan was reviewed to investigate maximum tumor size, location and consolidation status. In a current study, radiologically “solid” tumor was defined as a tumor which constructed only by consolidation without ground glass opacity (GGO) lesions on thin-section CT scan. Several clinical factors were evaluated to identify significant predictive factors of lower zone lymph node metastasis using a multivariate analysis.
Twenty (7.8%) patients revealed lower zone lymph node metastasis. Twelve were men and 8 were women. Patients ranged in age from 33 to 81 y, with an average of 63 y. Among them, tumors distributed especially in Segment (S) 10 (50%). All patients showed solid appearance on thin-section CT scan. A univariate analysis revealed that tumor location (S 10 or not) and solid tumors with more than 30mm in diameter were the significant predictors for lower zone lymph node metastasis (p=0.011, 0.033). Based on a multivariate analysis, these two factors were also shown to be independent predictors for lower zone nodal metastasis in patients with lower lobe lung cancer. (p=0.014, 0.034). Furthermore, the frequency of lower zone lymph node metastasis was approximately 24% for patients with solid tumors more than 30mm located in S10. On the other hand, lower zone lymph node metastasis was never seen in patients with c-T1a-b lower lobe lung cancer with GGO component.
Although lower zone lymph node metastasis is included in N2 disease, these incidences are extremely rare even in patients with lower lobe lung cancer except for those with radiologically large-sized solid tumor located in S10 field. Thus, selective dissection for lower zone lymph node could be an appropriate operative strategy in patients with small-sized lower lobe lung cancer especially with GGO predominance.
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