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MO13 - SCLC I (ID 118)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:C.K. Liam, E.S. Santos
- Coordinates: 10/29/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Bayside 201 - 203, Level 2
MO13.07 - Survival of small cell lung cancer patients undergoing lung resection in England 1998-2009 (ID 1691)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): D.R. Baldwin
Chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy is the recommended treatment for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) except in stage I disease where clinical guidelines state there may be a role for surgery based on favourable outcomes in case series. Evidence supporting adjuvant chemotherapy in resected small cell lung cancer is limited but this is widely offered.
Data on 359,873 patients who were diagnosed with a first primary lung cancer in England between 1998 and 2009 were grouped according to histology (SCLC; non-SCLC [NSCLC]) and whether they underwent a surgical resection. We explored their survival using Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression, adjusting for age, sex, comorbidity and socio-economic status.
The survival of 465 resected SCLC patients was lower than resected NSCLC patients (five-year survival 31% and 45%, respectively), but much higher than patients of either group who were not resected (3%). The difference between resected SCLC and NSCLC diminished with time after surgery. Survival was superior for the subgroup of 198 “elective” SCLC where the diagnosis was most likely known before resection than for the subgroup of 267 “incidental” cases, where the SCLC diagnosis was likely to have been made after resection.
These data serve as a natural experiment testing the survival after surgical management of SCLC according to NSCLC principles. SCLC patients treated surgically for early stage disease may have survival outcomes that approach those of NSCLC, supporting the emerging clinical practice of offering surgical resection to selected SCLC patients.
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P1.20 - Poster Session 1 - Early Detection and Screening (ID 172)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Imaging, Staging & Screening
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P1.20-004 - UK lung Cancer Screening trial (UKLS): Base line data (ID 1796)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): D.R. Baldwin
Lung Cancer causes over 35,000 UK deaths per year: early detection by CT screening has been shown to reduce mortality in the USA by 20%.
UKLS is a pilot randomised controlled trial, screening individuals at a high risk of developing lung cancer (>5% over 5yrs) with low-dose CT. UKLS is population-based, approaching people of 50-75yrs identified through local primary care records and using a validated lung cancer risk prediction model to identify high risk individuals from the target group (Raji Annals of Int. Med 2012). We report observations made from the initial recruitment to the trial. 250,000 individuals were approached in Liverpool and Cambridgeshire, 30% responded positively to the first questionnaire. 4000 individuals were recruited and randomised to receive either a low-dose CT scan or usual care. All CTs were double read according to UKLS protocol. Nodules were reported as category 1, 2, 3 or 4 depending on size and volume (Baldwin et al. Thorax 2011). Participants with category 4 nodules (>500mm3) were referred to the lung cancer multi-disciplinary team (MDT) for further workup. Individuals with a category 3 nodule (50-500 mm3) underwent a repeat CT within 3 months, whereas category 2 nodules (15-50mm3) were followed up at 12 months. The trial is currently in follow-up and some participants are still in the 3 and 12 month phases.
1991 high risk UKLS participants underwent baseline CT by June 2013. 1044/1991(52.4%) individuals had nodules requiring further imaging or work-up. 79/1991 (4.0%) had nodules which required referral to the MDT clinics at the pilot sites for further workup. At this time 31/1991(1.6%) had a prevalent lung cancer. 27/31 lung cancers (87.1%) were non-small cell lung cancer and 25/31 lung cancers (80.6%) were Stage I or II (based on pathological staging or clinical staging where the pathology staging was not available).
UKLS has already demonstrated 1.6% prevalence, utilising the LLP risk prediction model to identify high risk individuals, which compares favourably with the NELSON and other European trials. The Pilot UKLS is due to provide an interim report in 2014.