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MO12 - Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers III (ID 96)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
MO12.03 - Biomarker analysis of a randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical trial comparing pemetrexed/cisplatin and gmcitabine/cisplatin as first-line treatment for advanced nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (ID 3483)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): H. Liang
The platinum-based doublet regimen was standard of care in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but the biomarkers to predict the efficacy of first-line chemotherapy is still controversial.
We collected 239 tumor samples (83.0%) from a a randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical trial, which enrolled 288 treatment naïve nonsquamous NSCLC patients who were randomly assigned (1:1) to experimental group to receive cisplatin plus pemetrexed (PC) or the control group to receive gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GC) every 3 weeks for up to 6 cycles. We evaluated the EGFR mutation by Amplification Refractory Mutation System(ARMS) method and EML4-ALK fusion by real-time PCR. Meanwhile, the mRNA expression of excision repair cross complementation 1 (ERCC-1), thymidylate synthase (TS), ribonucleotide reductase M1(RRM-1), and folatereceptor 1(FR-1) was tested by real-time PCR. All of the EGFR mutation, ALK fusion and mRNA expression were analyzed for the correlation with progression free survival, the primary endpoint in the tiral.
The EGFR mutation rate was 46.6%(110/236) in the overall population and the ALK fusion rate was 12.0%(29/233). The median PFS was similar between the EGFR mutated patients and wild-type patients(6.0m vs 5.7m,p=0.85), however, the patients of EGFR wild-type had better PFS in the PC group compared with GC group (5.7m vs 3.5m, p=0.03). There are no significant difference between groups in EGFR mutated patients(5.6m vs 6.1m, p=0.59). The patients with ALK fusion seem to have better PFS compared with fusion negative patients (7.7m vs 5.7m), but the difference is not significant(p=0.48). The mRNA expression level was available in 225 patients(94.1%) and we determined the median expression as the cutoff value. The TS expression is significantly correlated with ERCC-1(r=0.67,p<0.001) and negatively correlated with FR-1 expression(r=-0.21,p=0.002). EGFR mutation correlated with lower TS expression(p=0.034) and ALK fusion correlated with higher FR-1 expression(p=0.017). The differences of PFS between the high and low expression of ERCC-1, TS, RRM-1and FR-1 was not significant, in both PC group and GC group.
The expression level of ERCC-1, TS, RRM-1and FR-1 could not effectively predict the progression free survival of NSCLC patients receiving platinum-based doublet regimen. The pemetrexed plus cisplatin regimen should be the priority choice for EGFR wild type patients compared with gemcitabine plus cisplatin regimen.
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P1.11 - Poster Session 1 - NSCLC Novel Therapies (ID 208)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P1.11-021 - First-line erlotinib versus cisplatin/gemcitabine (GP) in patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC): interim analyses from the phase 3, open-label, ENSURE study (ID 1849)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): H. Liang
Erlotinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, has proven efficacy in second-/third-line advanced NSCLC, and provides superior first-line efficacy to chemotherapy for patients whose tumors harbor activating EGFR mutations. The phase 3, randomized, open-label ENSURE study evaluated erlotinib vs GP in patients from China, Malaysia and the Philippines with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC.
Patients ≥18 years with histologically or cytologically confirmed stage IIIB/IV EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC and an ECOG PS of 0–2 were randomized 1:1 to receive either erlotinib (oral; 150mg qd until progression/unacceptable toxicity) or GP (G 1250mg/m iv d1 & 8 q3w; P 75mg/m iv d1 q3w for up to 4 cycles). Patients were stratified by EGFR mutation type, PS, gender, and country). Primary endpoint is progression-free survival (PFS) by investigator, with Independent Review Committee (IRC) assessment for sensitivity analysis; other endpoints include objective response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), and safety. A pre-planned interim analysis was conducted after 73% of PFS events (cut-off 20 July 2012). An additional exploratory updated analysis (cut-off of 19 November 2012), included all planned PFS events.
In total, 217 patients were randomized: 110 to erlotinib and 107 to GP. Baseline characteristics were similar in both groups. Efficacy data by treatment arm for the interim and updated analyses are presented (Table 1). PFS by investigator in EGFR exon 19 deletion and exon 21 L858R mutation subgroups is also presented (Table 1). Erlotinib was better tolerated than GP, with treatment-related serious adverse events (SAEs) occurring in 2.7% vs 10.6% of patients, respectively. The most common grade ≥3 AEs of any cause were neutropenia (25.0%), leukopenia (14.4%) and anemia (12.5%) in the GP arm, and rash in the erlotinib arm (6.4%). At the updated analysis (19 November 2012), erlotinib remained better tolerated than GP, with treatment-related SAEs occurring in 3.6% vs 11.5% of patients, respectively. Median duration of follow-up was 10.3 months and 11.7 months for the GP and erlotinib arms, respectively, at latest cut-off. OS data are not yet mature.
p-value significance level: alpha=0.05
Efficacy Outcome Interim analysis (cut-off 20 July 2012) Updated analysis (cut-off 19 November 2012) E GP E GP Investigator-assessed PFS Events, n 35 66 61 87 Median, months 11.0 5.5 11.0 5.5 HR (95% CI) 0.34 (0.22–0.51) 0.33 (0.23–0.47) log-rank p-value <0.0001 <0.0001 IRC-assessed PFS Events, n 33 47 51 55 Median, months 11.0 5.6 11.1 5.7 HR (95% CI) 0.42 (0.27–0.66) 0.43 (0.29–0.64) log-rank p-value 0.0001 <0.0001 ORR % 62.7 33.6 68.2 39.3 p-value 0.0001 <0.0001 Disease control rate (DCR) % 89.1 76.6 91.8 82.2 p-value 0.015 0.0354 EGFR exon 19 deletion subgroup PFS Median, months 11.1 4.2 11.1 4.3 HR (95% CI) 0.20 (0.11–0.37) 0.20 (0.12–0.33) EGFR exon 21 L858R subgroup PFS Median, months 8.3 7.1 8.3 5.8 HR (95% CI) 0.57 (0.31–1.05) 0.54 (0.32–0.90)
These analyses demonstrate that erlotinib provides statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in both investigator-assessed and IRC-assessed PFS compared with GP in Asian patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. Primary efficacy results were also supported by secondary endpoints including ORR and DCR.