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MO06 - NSCLC - Chemotherapy I (ID 108)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:R. Perez-Soler, P.M. Ellis
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 16:15 - 17:45, Parkside Ballroom A, Level 1
MO06.13 - BEYOND: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre, phase III study of first-line carboplatin/paclitaxel (CP) plus bevacizumab (Bv) or placebo (Pl) in Chinese patients with advanced or recurrent non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (ID 2756)
16:15 - 17:45 | Author(s): Y. Zhu
Bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody that inhibits angiogenesis via the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway, has proven efficacy in extending overall survival (OS) (Sandler et al, 2006) and progression-free survival (PFS) (Sandler et al, 2006; Reck et al, 2009) when added to platinum-doublet chemotherapy as first-line treatment for advanced non-squamous NSCLC. These pivotal studies included mainly Caucasian patients, however subgroup analyses in Asian patients also reported efficacy of the first-line Bv+CP regimen (Reck et al, 2009). The BEYOND study was initiated to confirm efficacy in a Chinese population.
Patients aged ≥18 years with histologically or cytologically confirmed, locally advanced, metastatic or recurrent advanced non-squamous NSCLC and an ECOG performance status of 0–1 were randomised 1:1 to receive CP (paclitaxel 175mg/m i.v. and carboplatin AUC6 i.v. on day 1 of each 3-week cycle for up to 6 cycles), plus either Pl or Bv 15mg/kg i.v. on day 1 of each cycle, until progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of patient consent or death. Patients had no prior treatment for advanced NSCLC. Patients were stratified by gender, smoking status and age. The primary endpoint was PFS in the intent-to-treat (ITT) population; secondary endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), OS, exploratory biomarkers and safety. Collection of blood samples for biomarker analyses was mandatory (at baseline, every two cycles during treatment, at progression, and 4–6 weeks post-progression); tissue samples were optional.
276 patients were randomised into the study, 138 to each arm. Baseline characteristics were similar in both treatment groups. PFS was prolonged with Bv+CP versus Pl+CP: hazard ratio 0.40 (95% CI 0.29–0.54); median 9.2 versus 6.5 months; p<0.0001 (ITT population). ORR was also improved with the addition of Bv to CP: 54.4% versus 26.3% with Pl+CP. Disease control rate was 94.4% versus 88.7% with Bv+CP and Pl+CP, respectively. Median duration of response was 8.0 months with Bv+CP versus 5.3 months with Pl+CP. OS data are not yet mature. Safety data were similar to previous studies of Bv+CP in NSCLC; no new safety signals were observed. Treatment discontinuation due to adverse events was 18.4% (Bv+CP) and 15.0% (Pl+CP). Treatment-related deaths were low in both arms (Bv+CP: 2.2%; Pl+CP: 0.0%). Detailed safety data and biomarker analyses will be reported.
This study confirms that the addition of bevacizumab to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy appears to provide similar PFS benefits in Chinese patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC compared with global populations. No new safety concerns were reported.
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P1.11 - Poster Session 1 - NSCLC Novel Therapies (ID 208)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P1.11-021 - First-line erlotinib versus cisplatin/gemcitabine (GP) in patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC): interim analyses from the phase 3, open-label, ENSURE study (ID 1849)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): Y. Zhu
Erlotinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, has proven efficacy in second-/third-line advanced NSCLC, and provides superior first-line efficacy to chemotherapy for patients whose tumors harbor activating EGFR mutations. The phase 3, randomized, open-label ENSURE study evaluated erlotinib vs GP in patients from China, Malaysia and the Philippines with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC.
Patients ≥18 years with histologically or cytologically confirmed stage IIIB/IV EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC and an ECOG PS of 0–2 were randomized 1:1 to receive either erlotinib (oral; 150mg qd until progression/unacceptable toxicity) or GP (G 1250mg/m iv d1 & 8 q3w; P 75mg/m iv d1 q3w for up to 4 cycles). Patients were stratified by EGFR mutation type, PS, gender, and country). Primary endpoint is progression-free survival (PFS) by investigator, with Independent Review Committee (IRC) assessment for sensitivity analysis; other endpoints include objective response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), and safety. A pre-planned interim analysis was conducted after 73% of PFS events (cut-off 20 July 2012). An additional exploratory updated analysis (cut-off of 19 November 2012), included all planned PFS events.
In total, 217 patients were randomized: 110 to erlotinib and 107 to GP. Baseline characteristics were similar in both groups. Efficacy data by treatment arm for the interim and updated analyses are presented (Table 1). PFS by investigator in EGFR exon 19 deletion and exon 21 L858R mutation subgroups is also presented (Table 1). Erlotinib was better tolerated than GP, with treatment-related serious adverse events (SAEs) occurring in 2.7% vs 10.6% of patients, respectively. The most common grade ≥3 AEs of any cause were neutropenia (25.0%), leukopenia (14.4%) and anemia (12.5%) in the GP arm, and rash in the erlotinib arm (6.4%). At the updated analysis (19 November 2012), erlotinib remained better tolerated than GP, with treatment-related SAEs occurring in 3.6% vs 11.5% of patients, respectively. Median duration of follow-up was 10.3 months and 11.7 months for the GP and erlotinib arms, respectively, at latest cut-off. OS data are not yet mature.
p-value significance level: alpha=0.05
Efficacy Outcome Interim analysis (cut-off 20 July 2012) Updated analysis (cut-off 19 November 2012) E GP E GP Investigator-assessed PFS Events, n 35 66 61 87 Median, months 11.0 5.5 11.0 5.5 HR (95% CI) 0.34 (0.22–0.51) 0.33 (0.23–0.47) log-rank p-value <0.0001 <0.0001 IRC-assessed PFS Events, n 33 47 51 55 Median, months 11.0 5.6 11.1 5.7 HR (95% CI) 0.42 (0.27–0.66) 0.43 (0.29–0.64) log-rank p-value 0.0001 <0.0001 ORR % 62.7 33.6 68.2 39.3 p-value 0.0001 <0.0001 Disease control rate (DCR) % 89.1 76.6 91.8 82.2 p-value 0.015 0.0354 EGFR exon 19 deletion subgroup PFS Median, months 11.1 4.2 11.1 4.3 HR (95% CI) 0.20 (0.11–0.37) 0.20 (0.12–0.33) EGFR exon 21 L858R subgroup PFS Median, months 8.3 7.1 8.3 5.8 HR (95% CI) 0.57 (0.31–1.05) 0.54 (0.32–0.90)
These analyses demonstrate that erlotinib provides statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in both investigator-assessed and IRC-assessed PFS compared with GP in Asian patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. Primary efficacy results were also supported by secondary endpoints including ORR and DCR.