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Best of Posters - IASLC Selection - Part 1 (ID 262)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Exhibit Showcase Session
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/29/2013, 09:55 - 10:25, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P1.11-008 - A phase II study of HSP90 inhibitor AUY922 and erlotinib (E) in patients (pts) with EGFR-mutant lung cancer and acquired resistance (AR) to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs). (ID 976)
09:55 - 10:25 | Author(s): M. Kris
AUY922 is an HSP90 inhibitor that degrades client onco-proteins including mutant EGFR. Preclinical studies utilizing cell lines and xenografts harboring EGFR T790M demonstrate that HSP90 inhibition is effective in models of AR. This phase II study combines AUY922 and E for the treatment of patients with EGFR-mutant lung cancer and RECIST-progression on EGFR TKIs.
Eligible patients had EGFR mutations and developed AR (per Jackman, JCO 2010) after treatment with EGFR TKIs. Patients underwent tumor biopsies after developing AR and prior to study entry. Tumor tissue from re-biopsy was analyzed for EGFR T790M and other mechanisms of resistance. Patients received AUY922 70 mg/m[2 ]IV weekly and E 150 mg oral daily in 28-day cycles. Response assessment was done at 4 weeks (wks), 8 wks, and every 8 wks thereafter. The primary objective was overall response rate (ORR, CR+PR) at 8 wks. A Simon mini-max design determined sample size (stage I: 16 pts (≥2 responses needed to proceed to stage II), stage II: 9 pts; α=10%, β=10%, p0=10%, p1=30%).
The trial has completed accrual, and twenty-five patients have been treated (18 women, median age 59 (range 42-76)). The median time on EGFR TKI prior to the development of AR was 11 mo (range 3-26 mo). Ten patients (40%) had EGFR T790M identified by tumor re-biopsy. In the 25 patients evaluable for response, ORR was 4/25 (16%, 95% CI 6-35%). Three of four patients with PR had EGFR T790M. An additional four patients had stable disease for at least 8 weeks. To date, four patients were on study drug for ≥ 4 cycles, and four patients currently remain on study. Adverse events reported in ≥ 20% of patients were diarrhea, fatigue, myalgias, nausea, mucositis, and night blindness. Sixty-eight percent (17/25) experienced night blindness (grade 1-2 only), and three patients came off study due to eye-related toxicity. Grade 3 toxicities included elevated liver function tests, diarrhea, fatigue, constipation and anemia.
AUY922 and E is an active, well-tolerated regimen for patients with EGFR-mutant lung cancer. Visual disturbances, particularly night blindness, were common, but resolved with drug discontinuation. AUY922 and erlotinib demonstrate activity as combination therapy for patients with EGFR mutant lung cancers and AR to EGFR TKI. Activity is not limited to patients with EGFR T790M. Supported by Novartis, Inc.
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P2.11 - Poster Session 2 - NSCLC Novel Therapies (ID 209)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/29/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P2.11-026 - RET Fusion-Positive Advanced Lung Cancers: Response to First-Line Chemotherapy and Survival in Comparison to ROS1 and ALK Fusion-Positive and EGFR- and KRAS-Mutant Lung Cancers (ID 1964)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): M. Kris
RET fusions are novel targetable drivers in non-small cell lung cancers. While the clinicopathologic profile of patients with RET fusion-positive tumors has been described in early-stage disease, little is known regarding clinical behavior in advanced unresectable disease.
Patients with advanced unresectable (stage IIIB/IV) pan-negative lung adenocarcinomas (absence of mutations in EGFR, KRAS, NRAS, BRAF, MAP2K1, ERBB2, PIK3CA, and AKT, and fusions of ALK or ROS1) were screened for RET fusions via dual-probe break apart FISH testing. Upstream partners were identified via RT-PCR and next-generation sequencing whenever possible. A retrospective review of patient records was conducted to determine response to systemic therapy and overall survival (OS). OS was calculated from diagnosis of metastatic disease and compared to patients with ALK and ROS1 fusion-positive, and EGFR- and KRAS-mutant lung cancers. Survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Differences in survival between groups were assessed by the log-rank test.
A RET fusion was found in 16% (n=12/76, 95%CI 8%-24%) of pan-negative tumors and 19% (n=10/48, 95%CI 10%-33%) of pan-negative tumors from never-smokers. Patients with RET fusion-positive tumors were predominantly never-smokers (83%, n=10/12, 2 patients with 7 and 10 pack-year histories, respectively) with advanced-stage disease at diagnosis (92%, n=11/12 stage IIIB/IV). Fusion partners were identified in 6 patients (4 KIF5B-RET, 1 TRIM33-RET, 1 NCOA4-RET). Eight patients (67%) received first-line platinum-based therapy, 6 of whom (50%) received maintenance pemetrexed and/or bevacizumab. Partial responses (PRs) were seen in 3 patients (38%) and stable disease (SD) in 5 patients (62%). 1-year OS on chemotherapy and median progression-free survival were 47% and 7.3 months, respectively. 1-year and 2-year OS for patients whose tumors harbored RET, ROS1, or ALK fusions, or EGFR or KRAS mutations is summarized below (Table). OS was not significantly different between RET, ROS1, ALK, or EGFR cohorts when RET was compared to each of the latter three cohorts separately. The presence of a RET fusion was associated with improved OS compared to the presence of a KRAS mutation (HR 0.39, 95%CI 0.21-0.74, p=0.004). Of the 11 patients with RET fusion-positive lung cancers, 4 patients (36%) were treated with cabozantinib on a phase 2 protocol (NCT01639508) with disease shrinkage of -66%, -32%, -23%, and -19% via RECIST v1.1.
Driver Detected OS 1-year [95%CI] OS 2-year [95%CI] RET (n=12) 100% 71% [25%-92%] ROS1 (n=9) 88% [39%-99%] 88% [39%-99%] ALK (n=44) 91% [77%-97%] 73% [55%-85%] EGFR (n=102) 85% [76%-91%] 58% [47%-67%] KRAS (n=117) 60% [50%-66%] 26% [18%-35%]
Response to platinum-based first-line therapy in patients with RET fusion-positive tumors is comparable to historical controls. Survival in patients with RET fusion-positive disease is comparable to patients with EGFR mutations and other recurrent gene fusions (ROS1 and ALK) and improved compared to patients with KRAS mutations. Cabozantinib is worthy of further study in RET fusion-positive lung cancers.