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W. Warren



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    P1.06 - Poster Session 1 - Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers (ID 161)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Poster Session
    • Track: Biology
    • Presentations: 1
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      P1.06-052 - Biomarkers of phenotypic plasticity associated with clinical outcomes in patients with locally-advanced NSCLC treated with chemoradiation with and without surgery. (ID 3019)

      09:30 - 16:30  |  Author(s): W. Warren

      • Abstract

      Background
      Thoracic chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with or without surgery (S) is the standard-of-care in management of stage III NSCLC. However, it appears that plateau has been reached. New treatment strategies are needed. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the relationships between patient outcomes and expression of biomarkers associated with either the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, or EMT ( E-cadherin and vimentin), or a lung cancer “stem-cell” phenotype (CD133), DNA repair enzyme (ERCC1), and cell survival/apoptosis (BCL-2, surviving and PTEN) in attempt to identify new therapeutic strategies.

      Methods
      Stage III NSCLC pts who were treated with chest radiation (40-65Gy) and concurrently with platinum doublet and who had sufficient pretreatment tissue were included in this study. Surgical pts received 40-45 Gy of radiation preoperatively and non-surgical patients received 60-65 Gy. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect nuclear and cytoplasmic expression of ERCC1, bcl-2, survivin, PTEN, vimentin, E-cadherin, and CD133. Scores were calculated using the Allred scoring system. The log-rank tests used to evaluate progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) with Kaplan-Meier plots used to plot group characteristics.

      Results
      A total of 119 patients receiving chemoradiotherapy with adequate tumor specimens for analysis were enrolled in this study; 61 had definitive chemoradiation whereas 58 had pulmonary resection after chemoradiation. Patients (n=79) with low nuclear survivin immunostaining (score ≤6) had significantly improved PFS as compared to those patients (n=34) with higher expression levels (14.1 vs. 10.5 months, p=0.042). Patients (n=72) with a cytoplasmic vimentin score ≤ 5 had superior PFS than the with higher expression levels (n=33) (13.17 vs. 9.99 months, p=0.045). High nuclear ERCC1 values (n=72) were associated with a worse OS than those patients (n=44) with low immunostaining (22.7 vs. 59.1 months; p=0.023). Patients with low cytoplasmic E-cadherin (n=25) had a significantly better OS than those patients (n=85) with immunostaining scores (62.6 vs. 24.6 months, p=0.036). The cytoplasmic vimentin/ E-cadherin ratio provided the most impressive separation of cohort performance with high V/E ratios being associated with a poor PFS (12.6 vs. 3.1 months; score ratio 10 cutoff; p=0.00073). No significant associations with cytoplasmic CD133 were observed in this cohort for either PFS or OS.

      Conclusion
      The association of inferior overall survival in locally-advanced NSCLC patients whose tumors express high ERCC1, high cytoplasmic E-cadherin (which is associated with mesenchymal phenotype and lower adherence of cells which are able to metastasize easier), and lower progression free survival with high survivin and high vimentin/ E-cadherin ratio suggests that combining inhibitors of survivin, DNA repair, EMT pathways might improve outcomes in molecularly defined subset of stage III NSCLC patients.