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P1.06 - Poster Session 1 - Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers (ID 161)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Biology
- Presentations: 2
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P1.06-024 - FAM83B, a novel molecular target for lung squamous cell carcinoma. (ID 1869)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): T. Yamaura
Recently, personalize therapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been improving and significantly to extract various molecular target. However, development of molecular targeted drugs is proceeding only in lung adenocarcinoma to date, while there are few drugs for lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Therefore, we tried to extract molecular targets for SCC by comprehensive gene expression analysis of clinical specimen.
The subjects of this study consisted of 215 patients with NSCLC who underwent complete resection since 2005 to 2011 in our hospital. They included 102 adenocarcinomas and 113 SCC. First, we tried to extract molecules specific to SCC by tissue array analysis of clinical specimen. We selected FAM83B as a candidate marker for SCC by using comprehensive gene expression analysis. Then, we examined the protein expression of FAM83B in NSCLC tissues by immunoblot and immunohistochemical analysis (IHC). The relationship between the FAM83B expression and clinic-pathological factors was statistically analyzed.
FAM83B expression at mRNA level was significantly higher in SCC than in normal lung or adenocarcinoma (P<0.0001). Immunoblot analysis also confirmed this tendency. In IHC, FAM83B was diffusely localized in the cytoplasm and/or plasma membrane. When more than 10% positive area for FAM83B were judged as “positive”, 94.3% (107/113) of SCC and 14.7% (15/102), of adenocarcinoma were positive. If the patients were divided into two subgroups by IHC (54 high-expression patients and 53 low-expression patients), high-expression group was associated with a better disease free survival rate (P=0.042, log-rank test). Figure 1
Our results indicated that FAM83B could be a reliable diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for SCC. Biological function of FAM83B in lung cancer is not well known. Further analyses should be required to identify its clinical significance and biological function.
P1.06-029 - Serum nitric oxide could be a predictor for the response of bevacizumab in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (ID 2198)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): T. Yamaura
Bevacizumab (BEV), an inhibitory monoclonal antibody to VEGF, is widely used to treat patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but biomarkers that predict BEV response are controversial. Reportedly, hypertension is linked to response to BEV therapy, possibly because BEV might suppress vascular nitric oxide (NO) production. However, the usefulness of serum NO (NO~s~) as a predictive biomarker for BEV therapy has not previously been shown. Here, we studied the predictive value of NO~s~ in BEV-treated patients with NSCLC.
Fifteen patients with advanced or recurrent NSCLC treated with BEV-based regimens were evaluated retrospectively. Blood samples were taken before treatment (Pre), and after the 1st and 2nd chemotherapy courses (Post~1~ and Post~2~, respectively). NO~s~ (NO~2~[–]/NO~3~[–]) was assayed by the Griess method. Relationships between clinical parameters (e.g., clinical responses, adverse events) were analyzed against NO~s~. This study was approved by the ethics committee of Fukushima Medical University.
Median Pre NO~s~ was 62.7 ±42.9 μmol/L (range: 1.9–138.8 μmol/L). NO~s~ tended to decrease at Post~1~ (46.6 ± 30.8 μmol/L; P = 0.246) and Post~2~ (37.6 ± 29.4 μmol/L; P = 0.072) compared to Pre values. Post/Pre NO ratios correlated with hypertension onset (Post~1~/Pre: P = 0.316; Post~2~/Pre: P = 0.148) and clinical response (Post~1~/Pre: P = 0.389; Post~2~/Pre: P = 0.163). Decrease at Post~2~ might correlate with progression-free survival (P = 0.127). NOs level of patients with treatment responder increased at Post PD (P = 0.101).
NO~s~, could be a predictive biomarker for response to BEV in patients with NSCLC. Prospective confirmation is needed; we are conducting a prospective translational study of NOs in BEV therapy. Figure 1Figure 2