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MO10 - Molecular Pathology II (ID 127)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Pathology
- Presentations: 1
MO10.02 - Update genotyping non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in Latin America: Latin-American Consortium for the Investigation of Lung Cancer (CLICaP) (ID 3462)
16:15 - 17:45 | Author(s): R. Sánchez-Reyes
Previously we reported that the frequency of mutations in EGFR and KRAS in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is Latinoamerica,finding the frequency of EGFR mutations in Latin-America between Asian (40%) and European (15%) populations. We report the update frequency of mutations in Latin America.
3606 biopsies of NSCLC patients from Latin-America (Argentina, Colombia, México and Peru) were used by extracted genomic DNA which was used to perform direct sequencing of EGFR gene (exons 18 and 21) and KRAS gene in 2385 samples.
Of all patients the median age was 62.2 ±12.3, 52.6% were women, and 51% had smoking history. Frequency of EGFR mutations in NSCLC was 24.4% [CI 95% 22.7-24.1] (Argentina 14.4%, Colombia 24.9%, Mexico 34.4%, Peru 67.0%). The frequency of KRAS mutations was 7.1%. EGFR mutations were independently associated with gender (29.8% vs 16.3%; p< 0.001), older age (<60 vs >60; p= 0.001), non-smokers 25.9% vs 15.7%; p= 0.001), ethnicity (Hispanic 37.7%, Caucasic 13%, Afro-American 0%, non-determinate 22.9%; p< 0.001), histology (adenocarcinoma 23.8%, squamous 4.4%, large cells 33.3% and non differenced 22.2%) and absence of KRAS mutation. Overall response rate to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in EGFR mutated patients (n=56) was 62.5% [95% CI 50-75] with a median overall survival of 16.5 months [95% CI 12.4-20.6].
Our findings confirm the high frequency of EGFR Mutation in Latino-america and low frequency of K-RAS mutation, particularly in patients of Hispanic ethnicity. Differences in risk factors associated with lung cancer in our population and ethnic variability could explain these findings.
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P1.06 - Poster Session 1 - Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers (ID 161)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Biology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P1.06-019 - Common and uncommon EGFR mutations and their impact on response to EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors and platinum-based chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): Latin-American Consortium for the Investigation of Lung Cancer (CLICaP) (ID 1728)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): R. Sánchez-Reyes
An association has been well-established between common EGFR mutations and response to reversible and irreversible direct EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs); however, there is a significant lack of information about the impact of uncommon mutations on outcomes such as overall response (OR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates after being exposed to EGFR-TKIs or platinum-based chemotherapy (CT).
Information regarding 186 NSCLC patients from three Latin-American countries was analysed. Tests were made for EGFR and KRAS mutations; the clinical and pathological characteristics and the presence of common and uncommon EGFR mutations were considered according to OR, PFS and OS rates concerning EGFR-TKIs and CT.
79.5% of the patients had common EGFR mutations and 20.5% uncommon mutations, including complex alterations. Lepidic and acinar histological subtypes were associated with higher common EGFR mutation frequency (p= 0.010). Patients having an OR to EGFR-TKIs treatment also had an OR to CT (p< 0.001). Patients harbouring common EGFR mutations had greater sensitivity to EGFR-TKIs than those having uncommon mutations (63.8% [IC 95% 51.1-76.5] vs 32.4% [20.0-44.7] p< 0.0001). Median PFS regarding EGFR-TKIs (16.4 [12-21.1] vs 4.1 months [1.9-5.9]) and CT (16 [10.9-21] vs 4.3 months [0.9-12.9]) was better in patients having common EGFR mutations compared to patients carrying uncommon mutations. The median OS of patients treated with EGFR-TKIs that harbored common EGFR mutations (37.3 months [33.2-41]) was longer compared to those patients who harbored uncommon mutations (17.4 months [12.9-21.8]).
Our findings suggest that patients with EGFR uncommon mutations, could receive platinum-based chemotherapy as first line of treatment and EGFR-TKIs can be reserved as second or third line treatment options.