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U. Tomaru

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    P1.06 - Poster Session 1 - Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers (ID 161)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Poster Session
    • Track: Biology
    • Presentations: 1
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      P1.06-010 - Expression of α1,6-fucosyltransferase is associated with prognosis and histology in non-small cell lung cancers (ID 1144)

      09:30 - 16:30  |  Author(s): U. Tomaru

      • Abstract

      Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death throughout the world. A more sophisticated understanding of the pathogenesis and biology of NSCLCs could provide useful information for predicting clinical outcome and personalized treatment. α1,6-FT is the only one enzyme responsible for the core α1,6-fucosylation of N-glycans of glycoproteins, including EGF receptor, TGF-β1 receptor, and integrin α3β1.

      α1,6-FT expression was studied by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 129 surgically resected NSCLCs, classified categorically based on the proportion of positively stained cancer cells (high, > 20%; or low, < 20%), and analyzed statistically in relation to various characteristics, including histology, survival and prognosis.

      High and low expression of α1,6-FT was found in 67 and 62 of 129 NSCLCs, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association between high α1,6-FT expression and non-squamous cell carcinoma (mostly adenocarcinoma), as compared with squamous cell carcinomas (odds ratio, 3.51; p = 0.008). Patients with tumors having high α1,6-FT expression had significantly shorter survival time than patients with tumors having low expression in potentially curatively resected NSCLCs (p = 0.03) and adenocarcinomas (p = 0.009), as well as in pStage I NSCLCs (p = 0.03) by the log-rank test. Surprisingly, in pStage I adenocarcinomas, none of 15 patients with tumors having low expression died of lung cancer, although 12 of 23 patients with tumors having high α1,6-FT expression died of lung cancer. High α1,6-FT expression was a significant and independent unfavorable prognostic factor in potentially curatively resected NSCLCs (hazard ratio, 1.81; p = 0.047) and in pStage I NSCLCs (hazard ratio 2.55; p = 0.03) by Cox’s proportional hazards model analysis.

      These results suggest that α1,6-FT may play a pivotal role for the biological characteristics of NSCLCs. α1,6-FT expression is associated with histology of NSCLCs, and may be a new prognostic marker for overall NSCLCs and adenocarcinomas.