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S. Yamano

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    P1.06 - Poster Session 1 - Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers (ID 161)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Poster Session
    • Track: Biology
    • Presentations: 1
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      P1.06-008 - Expression of PTRF/Cavin-1 is associated with poor prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma (ID 933)

      09:30 - 16:30  |  Author(s): S. Yamano

      • Abstract

      Polymerase I and transcript release factor (PTRF)/Cavin-1 was initially identified as a regulator of rRNA transcription in the nucleus. It then was demonstrated to be essential to the formation of mature caveolae at the plasma membrane. Recently, downregulation of PTRF/Cavin-1 was reported in several types of cancers including non-small cell lung cancer compared to normal tissue. However, its precise expression pattern and clinical significance in lung adenocarcinoma remains unclear.

      Proteomic analysis of 12 lung adenocarcinomas and the paired non-cancer lung tissue were preformed using iTRAQ coupled LC-MS/MS. To determine the expression pattern of PTRF/Cavin-1, we then performed immunohistochemical staining of PTRF/Cavin-1 on 186 adenocarcinoma tissues completely resected at Osaka City University Hospital from January 2005 to December 2008. To evaluate the clinical significance of PTRF/Cavin-1, the relationship between PTRF/Cavin-1 expression and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed.

      Proteomic analysis shows that expression level of PTRF/Cavin-1 is significantly lower in the cancer compared to the paired non-cancer lung tissue. This result suggests that PTRF/Cavin-1 may be involved in the development of lung adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemistry analysis reveals that 30 cases (16%) were strongly positive for PTRF/Cavin-1 as observed in the non-cancer lung tissues, while 158 cases (84%) were negative. Furthermore, we found that overall survival rate of PTRF/Cavin-1-positve cases was significantly lower than that of negative cases (Log-rank test, p=0.0010). These findings imply that PTRF/Cavin-1 in cancer cells may facilitate the progression of lung adenocarcinoma progression.

      These findings indicate that expression of PTRF/Cavin-1 in adenocarcinoma is associated with poor prognosis and might be a useful prognostic marker for lung adenocarcinomas.