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P1.01 - Poster Session 1 - Cancer Biology (ID 143)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Biology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P1.01-025 - Apoptosis-Related Gene Transcription in Human A549 Lung Cancer Cells via A<sub>3 </sub>Adenosine Receptor (ID 2157)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): H. Kamiya
Extracellular adenosine induces apoptosis in a variety of cancer cells via diverse signaling pathways. The present study investigated the mechanism underlying adenosine-induced apoptosis in A549 human lung cancer cells.
MTT assay, TUNEL staining, flow cytometry using propidium iodide and annexin V-FITC, real-time RTPCR, Western blotting, monitoring of mitochondrial membrane potentials, and assay of caspase-3, -8, and -9 activities were carried out in A549 cells, and the siRNA to silence the A~3 ~adenosine receptortargeted gene was constructed.
Extracellular adenosine induces A549 cell apoptosis in a concentration(0.01-10 mM)-dependent manner, and the effect was inhibited by the A~3~ adenosine receptor inhibitor MRS1191 or knocking-down A~3~ adenosine receptor. Like adenosine, the A~3~ adenosine receptor agonist 2-Cl-IB-MECA also induced A549 cell apoptosis. Adenosine increased expression of mRNAs for Puma, Bax, and Bad, disrupted mitochondrial membrane potentials, and activated caspase-3 and -9 in A549 cells, and those adenosine effects were also suppressed by knocking-down A~3~ adenosine receptor.
Adenosine induces A549 cell apoptosis by upregulating expression of Bax, Bad, and Puma, to disrupt mitochondrial membrane potentials and to activate caspase-9 followed by the effector caspase-3, via A~3~ adenosine receptor.