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OA07 - Lymph Node Metastases and Other Prognostic Factors for Local Spread (ID 376)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Surgery
- Presentations: 1
OA07.02 - Omitting Intrapulmonary Lymph Node Retrieval May Affect the Oncological Outcome of pN0 Lung Cancer Patients: A Propensity Score Match Analysis (ID 5267)
14:20 - 15:50 | Author(s): S. Li
Clinical practice involving segmental nodes (No.13) and subsegmental nodes (No.14) retrieval for pathological examination varies during lung cancer surgery. This study aims to evaluate whether omitting No.13 and No.14 node retrieval could lead to an inferior oncological outcome for pN0 non-small cell lung cancer（NSCLC）patients.
This retrospective study analyzed 442 cases of NSCLC, both treating with R0 resection and systematic mediastinal lymphadenectomy and confirming as pN0 on postoperative pathology. Study group defined cases whose N1 nodes investigation involving from No.10 to No.14 in pathological report. In Control group, N1 nodes investigation only include No.10 to No.12. Clinical and pathological parameters of above two groups were balanced by propensity score matching based on surgical quality and the oncological outcomes between two groups were assessed by log-rank test.
Seven cases were lost during follow up and 435 cases entered final analysis (Study group, n=170 vs. Control group, n=265). A total of 5.0±3.0 nodes per case were collected from No. 13 and No. 14 in Study group, which included 3.1±1.9 nodes of No. 13 and 2.0±2.2 of No. 14. Tumor-located segments harbored 2.8±2.2 lymph nodes, compared to 2.2±2.3 from non-tumor located segments (p=0.006). After propensity score matching, 143 cases remained in each group. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were improved in Study group compared with Control group (the 5-year OS rates, 89±3% vs. 77±4%, p=0.027; the 5-year DFS rates, 81±4% vs. 67±4%, p=0.021, Figure1A,1B). In multivariate analysis, T staging and performing intrapulmonary nodes collection were the prognostic factors for pN0 cases. For the whole cohort, patients with two intrapulmonary stations collected showed better survival than those with zero intrapulmonary station retrieved（Figure1C, 1D）.
Inferior oncological outcomes of pN0 cases without intrapulmonary node retrieval suggests this procedure may play a role in outcome evaluation for pN0 NSCLC patients.
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