Start Your Search
OA01 - Risk Assessment and Follow up in Surgical Patients (ID 371)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Surgery
- Presentations: 1
OA01.03 - Impact of Increasing Age on Cause-Specific Mortality and Morbidity in Stage I NSCLC Patients: A Competing Risk Analysis (ID 4952)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): M.S. Bains
At the time of diagnosis, two-thirds of patients with lung cancer are ≥65 years of age with significant comorbidities. We sought to determine the short- and long-term cancer- and noncancer-specific mortality and morbidity in patients who underwent resection for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Of 5371 consecutive patients who had undergone curative-intent resection of primary lung cancer (2000–2011), 2186 patients with pStage I NSCLC were included in the analysis. All preoperative clinical variables known to affect outcomes were considered, including, Charlson comorbidity index, predicted postoperative (ppo) diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO), and ppo–forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1). Association between factors and cause-specific mortality was performed using competing risks approach.
Of 2186 patients, 1532 patients (70.1%) were ≥65 years of age, including 638 patients (29.2%) ≥75 years of age. In patients ≥65 years of age, for up to 2.5 years after resection, noncancer-specific CID was higher than lung cancer–specific CID, the higher noncancer-specific early-phase mortality was enhanced in patients ≥75 years of age compared with 65-74 years of age (Figure 1a). Multivariable analyses adjusted by age, sex, smoking status, comorbidities, tumor size, and surgical procedures showed that low ppoDLCO was an independent predictor for severe morbidity (p<0.001), 1-year mortality (p<0.001), and noncancer-specific mortality (p<0.001), whereas low ppoFEV1 for lung cancer–specific mortality (p=0.002). PpoDLCO can be used for estimation of 5-year cumulative incidence of noncancer death (Figure 1b, right, red curve) because of its linear relation, whereas ppoFEV1 for lung cancer-specific death (Figure 1b, left, black curve).
In patients undergoing curative-intent resection of stage I NSCLC, noncancer-specific mortality is a significant competing event, with increasing impact as patient age increases. Figure 1
Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.