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A. Buder



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    P2.03b - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 465)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Poster Presenters Present
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      P2.03b-075 - PD-1 Protein Expression Predicts Survival in Resected Adenocarcinomas of the Lung (ID 5641)

      A. Buder

      • Abstract

      Background:
      Immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) have demonstrated clinical activity in patients with advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The ability of PD-1 and PD-L1 immunohistochemistry (IHC) to predict benefit of immune checkpoint inhibitors remains controversial. We assessed the prognostic value of PD-1 and PD-L1 IHC in patients with completely resected adenocarcinoma of the lung.

      Methods:
      We determined protein expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded surgical specimens of 161 NSCLC patients with adenocarcinoma histology by IHC. We used the EH33 antibody (Cell Signaling) for PD-1 and the E1L3N antibody (Cell Signaling) for PD-L1 IHC. Cut-points of ≥1% PD-1-positive immune cells at any staining intensity and ≥1% PD-L1-positive tumor cells at any staining intensity were correlated with clinicopathological features and patient survival.

      Results:
      Positive PD-1 immunostaining in immune cells was observed in 71 of 159 (45%) evaluable tumor samples. PD-1 positive staining was not significantly associated with any of the clinicopathological features. Positive PD-1 immunostaining was associated with longer recurrence-free and overall survival of the patients. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses identified PD-1 to be an independent prognostic factor for recurrence (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] for recurrence 0.58; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.36 to 0.94; P = 0.026) and death (adjusted HR for death 0.46; 95% CI 0.26 to 0.82; P = 0.008). PD-L1 positive staining in tumor cells was seen in 59 of 161 (37%) cases. Positive PD-L1 immunostaining correlated with KRAS mutation (P = 0.019) and type of surgery (P = 0.01) but was not significantly associated with any of the other clinicopathological parameters. Positive PD-L1 immunostaining was not associated with survival of the patients (adjusted HR for recurrence 0.92; 95% CI 0.58 to 1.47; P = 0.733; adjusted HR for death 0.61; 95% CI 0.34 to 1.07; P = 0.084).

      Conclusion:
      Positive PD-1 but not PD-L1 immunostaining is a favorable independent prognostic factor in patients with completely resected adenocarcinoma of the lung.

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    P3.02b - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 494)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Poster Presenters Present
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      P3.02b-032 - Association between EGFR T790M Mutation Copy Numbers in Cell-Free Plasma DNA and Response to Osimertinib in Advanced NSCLC (Now Available) (ID 5454)

      A. Buder

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      Patients with advanced EGFR-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who developed the T790M resistance mutation during treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) benefit from treatment with third-generation EGFR TKIs such as osimertinib. Treatment with osimertinib requires the confirmation of the presence of the T790M mutation by re-biopsy of the tumor or by analysis of cell-free plasma DNA from blood samples (liquid biopsy). The purpose of our study was to compare T790M mutation copy numbers in cell-free plasma DNA with response to osimertinib.

      Methods:
      From April 2015 to June 2016, we included 44 patients with advanced T790M-positive NSCLC who received osimertinib after previous disease progression with an EFGR TKI and in whom response to osimertinib was evaluable. T790M mutation status was assessed by droplet digital PCR in cell-free plasma DNA. The threshold for T790M positivity was >1 copy/mL.

      Results:
      The T790M mutation status was assessed in all patients by liquid biopsy and in 18 patients also by re-biopsy of the tumor. All 44 patients were T790M-positive in the liquid biopsy. Two out of 18 (11%) patients had a T790M-negative re-biopsy. Thirty-seven patients (86%) showed a response to treatment with osimertinib: 13 (29.5%) complete responses (CR), 24 (54.5%) partial responses (PR), one (2%) stable disease (SD), and six (14%) progressive disease (PD) (Table 1). We observed no statistically significant association between response to osimertinib and T790M copy numbers (p=0.54; Table 1). The median T790M copy numbers across response categories were: CR 25 copies/mL (range 1.7-38092 copies/mL), PR 14 copies/mL (range 1.6-7282 copies/mL), SD+PD 6 copies/mL (range 1.8-475 copies/mL).

      Table 1 Response
      Copies/mL CR PR SD PD
      <10 5 (39%) 11 (46%) 0 (0%) 4 (67%)
      ≥10 8 (62%) 13 (54%) 1 (100%) 2 (33%)


      Conclusion:
      Patients benefited from osimertinib treatment independent of T790M copy numbers in the blood samples. Although limited by low numbers, we observed a trend towards better response to osimertinib in patients with ≥10 T790M copies/mL.

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    YI01b - Scientific Mentoring (ID 415)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Young Investigator Session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
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      YI01b.04 - Scientific Mentoring in Austria: My Personal Experience (Now Available) (ID 6742)

      A. Buder

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Abstract not provided

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