Virtual Library

Start Your Search

C. Rolfo



Author of

  • +

    JCES01 - Joint IASLC - Chinese Society for Clinical Oncology - Chinese Alliance Against Lung Cancer Session (ID 413)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Joint Chinese / English Session
    • Track:
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • +

      JCES01.06 - European Perspective Phase I Strategy (Now Available) (ID 6816)

      C. Rolfo

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Abstract not provided

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    OA22 - Novel Trials and Biomarkers in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (ID 403)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Mesothelioma/Thymic Malignancies/Esophageal Cancer/Other Thoracic Malignancies
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • +

      OA22.04 - Discussant for OA22.01, OA22.02, OA22.03 (Now Available) (ID 6979)

      C. Rolfo

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Abstract not provided

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    P2.01 - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 461)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Poster Presenters Present
    • Track: Biology/Pathology
    • Presentations: 2
    • Now Available
    • +

      P2.01-008 - SiRe Next Generation Sequencing Panel: Effective Diagnostic Tool for Circulating Free DNA Analysis (ID 5624)

      C. Rolfo

      • Abstract

      Background:
      Tissue availability is a crucial point in NSCLC. The introduction of Liquid Biopsies allows to determine circulant biomarkers, specifically using free DNA. To simultaneously analyze multiple patients sample at high sensitivity, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) can be narrowed to target a limited number of actionable genes. Here we prospectically applied a lab-developed narrowed gene panel (SiRe) to produce a DNA library covering 568 actionable mutations in six gene (EGFR, KRAS, NRAS, BRAF, cKIT and PDGFRα).

      Methods:
      This daily clinical practice study was performed on cfDNA obtained from Non Small Cell Lung Cancer blood samples (serum and plasma) prospectically collected either prior to treatment administration in patients without tissue availability (n = 46) or after a progressive disease (n = 19) from a first line gefitinib (n = 14) or afatinib (n = 5) therapy.

      Results:
      SiRe detected an activating EGFR mutation in 4/46 (8.9%) cases and in T790M in 9/19 (47.4%) at the time of tumor progression. Using tissue data as gold standard, the SiRe panel showed a sensibility of 90.5% and specificity of 100%.

      Conclusion:
      The SiRe panel is an effective tool enabling the implementation of NGS for cfDNA mutational profiling in molecular pathology practice.

    • +

      P2.01-093 - Exo-ALK Proof of Concept: Exosomal Analysis of ALK Alterations in Advanced NSCLC Patients (Now Available) (ID 5471)

      C. Rolfo

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      A subset of NSCLCs (approx. 5%), present alterations in ALK gene. This produces abnormal ALK proteins that induce cells to grow and spread. Different generation of ALK inhibitors are available for targeted therapy and their indication depends on the detection of ALK alterations in the tissue. Thus, it is mandatory to develop new techniques that allow us to demonstrate ALK alterations in peripheral blood. The purpose of this study is to analyze the feasibility to determine ALK alterations in exosomes (Exo-ALK) in NSCLC patients and determine the sensitivity and specificity of the technique.

      Methods:
      This study is performed in blind in a cohort 19 NSCLC with and without known alterations of ALK in tumoral tissue. ALK-positive tissue samples were identified by FISH or IHQ and patients were included independently of stage and time of disease. Exosomal RNA is isolated by exoRNeasy Serum/Plasma (Qiagen) and retrotranscripted by ProtoScript II First Strand cDNA Synthesis kit. The ALK gene present in the exosomes was determined by NGS and bioinformatic analysis by OncoDNA. Samples and data from patients included in the study were provided by the Biobank of the University of Navarra and were processed following standard operating procedures approved by the Ethical and Scientific Committees, were provided also by UZA Biobank and by the University of Naples Federico II.

      Results:
      The analyzed samples have been 16 ALK-EML4 tissue positive patients and 3 ALK-EML4 tissue negative, defined in this case by FISH. After analysis, we have been able to detect 9 positive ALK-EML4 patients, 8 negative samples and 2 samples where the RNA was degraded. Looking at the clinical data, the 9 positive samples detected in the exosomal RNA were positive also for ALK-EML4 translocation in the tissue, and comparing the 8 negative samples, 3 were tissue negative and 5 tissue positive. These data show a specificity of 64% and a specificity of 100%. No correlation has been found comparing naïve patients with treated patients.

      Conclusion:
      Exosomes are raising as one of the most promising tools to understand the tumor due to their stability in the blood and their similarity to the cells of origin. Our preliminary results show a high specificity and sensitivity for a proof of concept analysis. Further studies with a bigger number of patients and a crossvalidation analysis are required, but as we represent in this abstract, exosomes can represent an important tool for the clinical management of this specific NSCLC population.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.